Driving in Australia

Australia is a beautiful and unique country. Explore all of this through leadership when you get your international command pass.

Australia, the land of Down, is the smallest continent in the world and the largest island in the world. It's about the size of the United States, but it's about the size of the population of New York. 

Most Australians live an hour's drive (about fifty kilometers) from the coast, where most of the country's cities are located.

Driving in Australia
Driving in Australia

If you want to explore the island without wasting most of your time on public transport, it would be perfect to rent a car. 

However, you have to keep in mind that Australia leads on the left side of the road on two-way roads. Furthermore, Australian unlicensed driving for tourists, as a driving base, is strictly forbidden. 

What's more, you also need an international driver's license (IDP) if you're driving in Australia on your own with your driver's license.

How can this evidence help me?

If you are planning a trip to Australia soon, this guide will provide you with some basic travel information. 

These include driving licenses, different traffic rules, driving etiquette, route conditions that you can expect to try, higher destinations, and a wide range of activities that you can do in the country.

general information

geographic location

Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere, directly south-east Asia, and divides the Indian Ocean and the Pacific. The Commonwealth of Australia is the only State occupying an entire continent. Canberra is its capital. 

Due to its size, Australia has a variety of landscapes — tropical rainforests, mountain ranges, and deserts in the middle. The State is composed of the mainland and a smaller island, Tasmania, and other islands.

Languages spoken

Australia doesn't have an official language, but the majority of Australians speak English. Apart from English, the other dominant language is spoken at home is Mandarin. 

The emerging languages include Punjabi, Filipino, and Arabic. Sydney, the most multicultural city in the country, has about 30% of its population who don't speak English at home.

Australian English differs slightly from other English types in grammar and spelling. It's a wide variety of languages, spoken with a distinct dialect and lexicon. 

At the time of the first European contact, the original Australian languages were said to number about 250. Less than 20 are still in daily use among all age groups. Today, "general Australian" English is the country's mainstream dialect.

land area

The total land area is 7,686, 850 square kilometers, or 2,967,892 square miles. In terms of an overall area, Australia is the world's sixth-biggest country. The island itself has about 21,262 miles [34,218 km] of coastline. Most of Australia has four seasons, while the northern tropics have wet and dry seasons.

Summer December to March (average temperature 29 degrees Celsius), autumn March to May, winter lasts from June to August (average temperature 13 degrees Celsius), while spring from September to November. 

The northern part of Australia enjoys a tropical - hot and humid climate in the summer and fairly warm and dry in the winter. Meanwhile, the south is characterized by a mild summer and a cold and sometimes rainy winter.


The Portuguese were the first explorers to open Australia to the Western world. During that time, the country was informally known as Terra Australis Incognita (an unknown southern land). 

Later on, other explorers, including the Spanish, the Dutch, and the British, developed an interest in Australia's economic potential. 

The first British settlement was established in New South Wales during the late 1800s, and this British invasion of Australia started. It was not until October 1942 that Australia gained independence from Great Britain through the Westminster Law Adoption Act.

Australian population 25466459 (July 2020 estimate). Ethnic groups are divided as follows: English (36.1%), Australian (33.5%), Irish (11.0%), Scottish (9.3%), Chinese (5.6%), Italian (4.6%), German (4.5%), Indian (2.8%), Aboriginal (2.8%), Greek (1.8%), Dutch (1.6%), Filipino (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.4%), Lebanese (1%), includes Aboriginal Australians (0.5%), an undetermined 5.4% (2011 estimates), of the Australian population, out of a total of about 76%.


The government is a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary democracy. It has one of the world's oldest constitutions. The federal, state and territorial governments share power.

The federal government has three branches:


This is the Federal Executive Council, which is made up of the Prime Minister (Scott Morrison, since 2018) and other Ministers of State appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of Parliament.


a bicameral parliament, consisting of the King (Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General), the Senate, and the House of Representatives ;


The High Court of Australia and other federal courts make up this group. On the recommendation of Parliament, the Governor-General appoints judges.


In 2019, there were 9.4 million international visitors to the Australia Compact, contributing 60.8 billion Australian dollars (3.1% of GDP). Tourism also employs about 66,000 people. Australia is one of the best tourist destinations in the world, unmatched when it comes to the sheer variety of cool places to visit.

They enjoy incredible wildlife, lots of natural wonders, wonderful beaches, global cities, and of course, spectacular remote areas. Australia is a complete destination. 

Can fit into every taste, budget, age, or interest; It delivers unique experiences that you won't find anywhere else. Tourist attractions, wild and aquatic adventures — you name it, Australia owns them.

IDP (International Driver's Permit) Frequently Asked Questions

In 1949, the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic created the International Driving License or IDP. This gives drivers the right to drive in foreign countries. 

Language barriers often create a bewildering situation between drivers and law enforcement; For this reason, IDP is translated into different languages.

Planning a trip to Australia should involve riding the car and driving around - this is the only way to experience its open spaces on its amazing landscapes. It would be good to be prepared for less than ideal situations that might occur on the road when driving on your travels.

A passenger may be stopped by local police for a traffic violation, or they may get involved in a traffic accident. An international command permit would be useful in such situations. 

It would be wise to make sure your driver's license is valid, and if you need an international driver's license. Following are some of the most common questions regarding the use of IDP in Australia.

Driving in Australia
Driving in Australia

Can I use my driver's license in Australia?

Yes, if your license is in English. However, if your driver's license is not in English, you must obtain an international driving license in your country before departure. 

However, if your driver's license doesn't contain your photo, you should take your passport with you or any other official ID. You can use your driver's license in English if:

You can use your driver's license in English if:

  • You're still a visitor.
  • Your external license is still valid.
  • You haven't been removed from command.
  • Your license has not been suspended or revoked or your command privileges revoked.

Given that Australia is a member of the Commonwealth, another common question we ask is whether it is possible to drive in Australia with a UK license. 

Driving in Australia with a valid UK license. However, its validity depends on how long it will remain as a temporary foreign visitor. Your UK license will be invalid only once it expires. 

So, whether you've got an international driving license for Australia with you and your UK license has expired, you can't drive in Australia at all.

Remember that IDP only translates your original license to allow the holder to drive a private car in any country or jurisdiction that recognizes the document. It's a legal requirement to be able to drive in other countries. Don't forget that your IDP is invalid if you do not have your original driving license with you.

Who can apply for IDP?

A passenger intending to make a road trip requires an international command permit. In Australia, you need IDP if your original driver's license is not in English. 

Car rental companies require travelers who do not have a driver's license in English to have IDP. To be valid, the IDP must be accompanied by a valid driver's license issued in the applicant's country of origin.

Valid driver's license holders who are at least 18 years old may apply for IDP. If you have a temporary driver's license, you'd better get a valid one first. Remember that IDP is proof that you have a valid driver's license from your country of origin. 

Navigate to the International Association of Drivers (IDA) application page, fill out the forms, and apply for IDP online.

Typically, an applicant for IDP needs to:

  • At least 18 years of age.
  • You have two passport photos.
  • Government-issued effective driving license.

How long is IDP valid?

IDP is valid for up to three years. However, you can choose an option in your order whether you want IDP to expire at one, two, or three years. 

By law, the IDP can only be valid for three years. However, the IDP cannot exceed the validity of your original driver's license. In Australia, you should verify the driving laws and regulations of each state (or territory) because they may be different from those of the Australian State Internationale. 

If you're traveling a lot abroad, it's a good idea to have 3 years of IDP. Otherwise, if your one-time trip and you're not traveling abroad for the next three years, a one-year IDP is much more practical.

Authentic driver's licenses, driving licenses in English are valid in Australia for three months. If you intend to stay more than three months, you will need to apply for a driver's license in the state you intend to drive. 

Australian licenses are issued by the governments of each state and territory. Some nations' driver's licenses can only be converted to Australian licenses. These include:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • new Zealand
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Singapore
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Guernsey
  • Jersey
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • South Korea
  • Luxembourg
  • Spain
  • Sweden

All other foreign license holders are required to conduct a theoretical and practical test before being issued an Australian license.

Car rentals in Australia

Driving in Australia is an experience you should enjoy. There are many destinations to visit that can only be experienced by the car. 

So, before embarking on your big land journey in Australia, make sure you're well prepared for this age-long experience. Do you intend to hire a vehicle in Australia? 

You should be aware of some requirements - Car rentals in Australia may differ from those you know. Below is a guide that has been prepared for you to help you learn the basics of renting a car in Australia.

Car rental companies

There are many wonderful car rental companies to choose from in Australia. You can pre-book online or personally attend and receive your car from the airport or other meeting locations. 

Many car rental companies have reception sites in major cities or towns. You can rent a car or cars from any of the following major car rental companies:

  • income
  • Yoruba Carr
  • Avis
  • car rental
  • economizer
  • Hertz
  • project

You should know, however, that it is more expensive to rent a car at airports in Australia than it is to rent it elsewhere.

advice: Some small rental companies will take you from the airport and take you to their nearby office to fill out the paperwork. Look for these small businesses first, before checking for adults. It might save you one penny.

If you're planning to rent a car in remote areas, it may be hard to avoid it - unless you're in Darwin or Broome, or Alice Springs. There are local companies that can accommodate you. 

If you have no choice, you can still avoid these additional airport charges by staffing the company's city office or a nearby resort. Just not at the airport.

Required Documents

The most important documents when renting a car in Australia are your driver's license and credit card. The credit card must be in the name of the tenant and cover the bond. 

Discount cards with the MasterCard or Visa logo are accepted. Carefully review the terms and conditions of the car rental company about its policy of using debit cards.

There are also some things to remember about your license: It should be printed in English. Otherwise, you need to obtain an international driver's license, in advance with your original driver's license. 

A driver without a photo license also means you must have an IDP when renting a car. Most companies also require that you have been registered for at least one year.

Temporary licenses are not accepted. Additional drivers will also need to submit their licenses or internally displaced persons. Make your passport ready, too. Carefully verify your lease terms and conditions.

In short, here are the documents you'll need:

  • driver license.
  • international command statement (if required).
  • credit card.
  • passport.

vehicle types

You can rent all sorts of vehicles in Australia. From family cars to regular sedan cars to small trucks and trucks. Just make sure your driver's license has the appropriate grade qualifications. 

In the end, it is up to you to decide where you want to go. For example, rental companies may prohibit you from driving indoors—or unpaved—if you have rented a standard sedan or a Station Wagon. No exceptions. So if you're planning a more adventurous trip to outlying areas, rent an SUV.

Even with that, the big tenants will be reluctant to let you drive on unclosed roads. You will have to get written permission from the company itself, plus pay a much higher premium. 

Local-owned small car rental companies would be helpful if you want to save money because they would be cheaper. There are some things to consider when using these kinds of companies.

  1. They offer a limited fleet of vehicles from which to pick.
  2. You need to book ahead - no last-minute bookings.
  3. No one-way rents - rental back where you got it.
  4. Offices may be open for shorter hours.

For family trips on a leisure trip through a major city of Australia or a few scenic trips on closed roads, the family car will work well. However, there are car rental companies that offer camping packages where you can rent a strong SUV to take you through remote areas. 

These flight packs contain the majority of the fully equipped rental vehicles camping for up to four people, with routes that will take you to some of the most memorable locations in remote areas.

Cost of a Rental Car

The cost of renting a car in Australia depends on several factors: The time of year, the resource from which you rented the car, the type of car, and the location. 

Renting a car at airports can lead to an additional daily cost. However, many of these car rental companies offer discounts if you rent longer - the longer you need the car, the cheaper it is.

Renting a car in Australia can cost anywhere from $30 to over $100, depending on the car and other additions, such as:

  • One-way graphics. This would apply if you picked up your car in one place and dropped it somewhere else. Find out more in the PDS statement of disclosure or terms and conditions.

  • Extra miles. Companies will charge you extra for any kilometers that exceed the maximum. Normally, the maximum is between 100 and 200 kilometers per day. You can find the extra mile prices in the agreement you signed.

  • fuel charge. The rental companies would prefer that if you fill out the fuel before returning the car. otherwise, they'll charge you up to twice the cost of packing. So fill up the car before returning it.

  • Overdue charges. Be sure to return your car on time, because if you're late for a day or even just a few hours, you will be charged exorbitant fees.

  • security. This is a key factor. Like standard car insurance, it depends on your age and the type of car and the destination, and so on.

  • Car seats for children. Some companies let you rent a car seat for the kids for a token fee per day.

  • yield fee. If you are traveling on toll roads, leasing agencies may allow you to purchase a presto drawing and a transceiver. Prices are usually the same as normal fees. Unsubscribing to this option may result in the rental agency charging you an additional fee if you pass through some fee routes.

Age Limitations

Most car rental companies in Australia require tenants to be over 21 years of age. Drivers under the age of 25 may also need to pay additional daily fees to minors. There are also car rental companies that need a medical certificate for rental car drivers who are over 75 years old.

The price of vehicle insurance

If you're renting a car in Australia, you're going to have to pay for car rental insurance. Both automobile owners and renters must have car insurance. 

The cost of car insurance in Australia depends on your age, the Australian state you rent, and the type of car you rent. The younger you are, the more expensive your car is to secure. Moreover, since you're only renting, you'll only have to pay for insurance daily.

Policy for Automobile Insurance

A stand-alone car rental insurance is easily available called excess coverage for your car. This will cover you against damage to your car, other vehicles, property, etc. 

Keep in mind that each policy is different, so check the security conditions before signing. Excess coverage is purchased to reduce the amount you pay if you need to file a claim. Inquire further about the policies with the leasing company.

It might be tempting to skip buying insurance altogether, especially if your budget is limited. But think about it this way: Your journey can cost you far more than you would have hoped it would have been in the event of an accident. 

Especially if you're wrong - you'll need to pay the full cost of the damage to the rent and any other vehicles and property involved. Moreover, obtaining insurance can give you peace of mind during your vacation.

Australia's Highway Rules

Before you sit behind the wheel, you need to know about traffic rules in Australia. Traffic rules in Australia may vary from state to state. There's one thing you should remember, though: Australians drive on the left side of the road. Other driving rules and recommendations in Australia are:

Important Rules and Regulations

All road rules and regulations in Australia are guided by the Road Traffic Act. If you are caught violating any of these rules, you will face similar penalties such as fines, imprisonment, or confiscation of your driver's license.

Driving under the influence of wine

Driving under the influence of alcohol is prohibited in Australia beyond the limit of alcohol in the blood. If your blood alcohol level is above 0.5%, you are deemed to be violating this Australian driving rule about driving under the impact. 

The consequences for drunk driving differ from state to state. Depending on the severity of the violation, potential penalties might reach AUS$3,000. So, before you decide not to drink in moderation, make sure you had a good night's sleep.

Seatbelt Regulations

Seat belts are required in the driver's seat positions and the outward front seats as of July 1, 1967, under the Road Traffic Law and Regulations. Seat belts in the front seats became mandatory on January 1, 1969, for all seating conditions on January 1, 1971.

Driver seat belts do not provide lower levels of security; They should not be replaced by less design-based belts. No person may sell a seatbelt, or part of a seatbelt, for use in a car already installed in another vehicle. 

Security belts are mandatory, not an option. Modern cars have seat belts and should be used. If their passengers do not wear seatbelts, the driver is responsible. One person at a time wears a seat belt.

Drivers, including passengers aged 16 or over, are punished for not wearing seat belts while a rented car is moving. 

The child inside the car is also the driver's responsibility to make sure it's or it's properly restrained, even on short trips. Consult the Road Safety Committee's car insurance account for children for further information.

Parking Regulations

There are two types (2) of official parking patterns in Australia: Corner corner by corner and corner by parallel corner. For a corner angle, the degree of the angle you should be standing depends on the road signs. 

Some locations require a 90-degree waiting position, while other areas (especially unmarked) allow a 45-degree corner angle.

Parallel parking, on the other hand, is often observed on roadsides. If you need to stand in parallel, your vehicle must be parked so that you are facing the same direction as the traffic. Some routes have parking signs correctly, but if there are no road signs, make sure to leave a distance of one (1) meter between the car in front of you and the vehicle in front of you. For more parking laws in Australia, check out the Driver's Guide online.

General Requirements

Australia's automobile standards are guided by Australian design rules under the Automotive Standards Act 1989. This covers vehicle performance standards, passenger protection, lighting, exhaust emissions, structure, noise, brakes, and all other parts of the car-related to passengers and others. 

Road user safety. Design rules also vary by car type. If you want to be more precise about the car you rent, refer to the design rules for M-Family passenger vehicles before you finish the lease.

Limits of Speed

Australia's typical speed limit ranges from 10 kilometers per hour to 110 kilometers per hour. Speed limits are strictly enforced especially at peak holidays and travel times such as Christmas and Easter celebrations. In the Northern Territory, there are four highways with areas of 130 kilometers per hour (81 miles per hour).

All residential areas will have speed limits of 50 kilometers per hour unless otherwise signed. If you're not sure, maintain 50 km/h. 

The speed limit in suburbia and out-of-town areas is 60 km/h or more. School districts have a limit of 40 kilometers per hour during school hours. This speed limit is indicated on signs.

Leadership trends

Australia has an impressive road network design. To further its goal of traffic regulation, your cooperation in controlling direction laws is crucial. Here are some rules.

Slow lane. If you are driving on a road of two or more lanes, vehicles moving slowly should stay in the far left lane. You use the right aisles for scrolling.

U- Curves. It is illegal to make a turn back at an intersection unless there is a sign that allows it.

However, it is allowed in Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory. Leave on red. It is illegal to turn left at a red light unless something explicitly allows it.

Road traffic lights in Australia?

Driving in Australia is not that difficult. However, understanding road and traffic lights before getting out of your newly rented car is strongly recommended. 

While most road signs in Australia use internationally adopted signs, such as rainfall signals and speed limits, there are specific Australian road signs that you really should know. After all, you're not going to see the kangaroo sign anywhere else in the world.

If you're heading out of cities and especially in remote areas, knowing these road signs may mean the difference between life and death. 

The markers you should be looking for include, right next to the kangaroo crossing, the koalas crossing, the mumbett crossing, and other animal and livestock warnings that wander the highways of Australia.

What are the rules regarding road right in Australia?

Even experienced drivers may find it difficult to tell who has the right to drive in each driving situation. A large proportion of road accidents occurring in Australia are the result of drivers' failure to prioritize.

Ring lanes - Drivers make way for all vehicles already on the roundabout, not just those to the right. If two drivers arrive at the same time, the car on the right goes first.

Turn right — at a crossroads without a signal, you have to let go of traffic going in the opposite direction when they're traveling straight and heading left as well.

T-Intersection - Driving down a road that ends at an intersection shaped like a T, should give way to all vehicles that are going the route that passes the intersection (except those that bend backward).

U-turns - make room for all vehicles and pedestrians before clearing a route, even if they are facing a screw or stop sign.

Intersections with stop signs and make way—at an intersection with both stop signs and make way, drivers arriving at the intersection must make way for all vehicles on the road before making way for each other. You have to make room for vehicles that turn right on your path if you're facing a pass.

Buses — they should make room for the bus, when the speed limit is 70 kph or less, there's a space light on the back. This includes when the bus returns to traffic from a bus station or roadside.

Parking - Cars from parking should make way for all other traffic; The driver must indicate his intent to blend in or log in for at least five seconds.

Stepping out of and into a road — the driver must make room for all cyclists and pedestrians along footpaths or a road, as well as all vehicles on the road.

Trucks - When making room for larger vehicles, make sure there is enough space because these types of vehicles need more space on the road and also maintain a decent distance at all times.

What is the legal age for driving in Australia?

The minimum driving age in Australia varies by state and territory. Learners between the ages of 15 and 9 months are permitted to drive in the Australian Capital Region, but only under the supervision of a fully licensed driver. Learners must be 16 years old in the Northern Territory and other states.

In Victoria, leadership without supervision for learners is 18; In the Northern Territory, 16 years, 6 months, 17 years in the ACT and all other states. 

Drivers are still subject to restrictions during the testing period after obtaining the license. The test period in ACT, New South Wales, and South Australia is three years; In Victoria, it's four years.

What are Australia's rules on transgression?

If you have to bypass it, watch out very carefully. Make sure you have a clear view of your upcoming traffic. Use your cursor to indicate your intentions to other drivers. Do not exceed the speed limit.

Left override allowed when:

  • You're driving down a multilane road ;
  • directed by a person in authority ;
  • The car on the right is parked, and it's safe to do that ;
  • The car indicates it is turning right or about to turn.

Right override is allowed in the following cases:

You're traveling in the same direction and not crossing a continuous white line.

Right override not allowed:

  • at intersection
  • at a railroad crossing or pedestrians or children ;
  • If there is no override signal ;
  • if there are single or double lines ;
  • If you don't have a clear view of the approaching traffic.

When a cyclist passes, you must leave a distance not less than 1 m if you are traveling at speeds of 60 km or less; at a speed higher than 1.5 m. On the other hand, if you're bypassed, stay left. Don't increase your speed, and let the other vehicle overtake you.

Command side

Another thing you also have to remember is that Australians drive on the left side of the road. That means that Australian cars have driver seats on the right-hand side, so if you're used to left-hand driving, you'd better get used to driving on the right-hand side. Remember, the next traffic will be on your right shoulder side.

Other Traffic Regulations

Australia also has the world's longest, largest and widest road trains - up to 200 tons in weight and up to 53.5 meters (175.5 feet) in length, which results in the tow or more of two trailers being towed. If you come across these trains, you're going to want to cross them.

How Do Trains Cross Australia?

Be very careful when crossing this giant. You need to have at least one kilometer of open road to traverse one. Take your time. Stay back at least a few lengths to the car.

When traffic is safe, specify your intent, go to the centerline, and skip. Although not mandatory, having a CB radio is very helpful in these situations. Road train drivers have their CB radios in their taxis, and they're just ready to communicate with you regarding road safety and advise you on whether you have an empty overpass.

Never cross a road train on a curve or a hill where visibility is limited, even if the truck is moving slowly. Be patient. If you are towing a cart, do not forget to cross a train. Wait for the override lane, where you're sure it's safe to do it.

Leadership penalties in Australia for abuse:

  • No safe distance - 4 Vulnerability Points and a $400 fine.
  • Crossing at Railroad/Pedestrian/Child crossing - 4 points defective and $400 fine.
  • Trespass on a continuous white line - 3 points flaw and $200 fine.

Are there driving license rules in Australia?

Yes, indeed. Driving without a license is a severe offense in Australia. This command rule applies not only in Australia but globally. 

Every driver, whether an international visitor or a citizen, needs to bring his driving license with them. A driver's license is a valid document that proves the knowledge of driving. Driving without a license in Australia will face fines of up to $38,000 and jail terms of up to two years.

Is it necessary to wear driving shoes in Australia?

In Australia, driving with shoes or other shoes is not strictly enforced unlike in other countries. However, it is recommended that you wear shoes because they allow you complete control over the pedal. 

Driving barefoot is somewhat uncomfortable for most drivers and that's why it's highly recommended.

Driving ethics in Australia

Regardless of the driving rules, you also need to know the etiquette of driving in Australia. It is important to know what to do when your car breaks down or a police officer stops you. Here are some tips you should know.

A Car Collapses

Cars break down all the time on highways and highways. But they can be burdensome and dangerous. If you find yourself in this situation, try to stay calm and do not get upset.

Follow these steps:

  • Find a safe place to stop, preferably off the road or in an emergency lane. Stay away from the medium bar and park the car as far left as possible. Extend the distance between your car and your traffic.
  • Then turn on your Hazard Lights. Parking lamps are also a good idea if they are dark or visually impaired. If it's safe, get out of your car and stay clear of traffic. Check the traffic first and lock the car behind you. If you think it's not safe to get out of your car, stay inside with a seatbelt attached.
  • Make sure you stand out of the way. Don't try to cross the road. If there's one, stand behind the security barrier. Contact your Road Service Provider or a pull company on your phone. Try encountering traffic when making a call, in case you need to move to avoid an oncoming vehicle.

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